UNIPRESS/Colorado Russian World
http://www.russiandenver.50megs.com/barometer2.html

The Air Seller or Thermodynamics for Idiots through the Maisotsenko Cycle

Dr. Ilya Treyger

Air conditioners and other devices based on the new thermodynamic cycle of Dr. Maisotsenko (referred to as the Maisotsenko-Cycle or M-Cycle) are now in use all over the world through the Coolerado Inc. Yet unfortunately very few people understand properly what the M-Cycle is all about. Many researchers and engineers perceive it as a kind of perpetual motion machine due to the fact that its output is higher than its input. Therefore they have valid questions as to whether this M-Cycle is for real or is a fake.

It is true that thermodynamics is a science that is not easily explained in simple words. Now is the appropriate time to make at least an attempt to offer such an explanation.

Let's first consider the invention of the glider. The first glider to carry a human was invented in 1865. Yet people had been watching birds glide through the air for millenniums.  In view of such an extended period of observation isnt it surprising that it took so long to duplicate it?  Something similar has happened with the thermodynamic phenomenon named the M-Cycle.

The ironic thing is that this phenomenon has been observed for many years in the form of the simple barometer. Yes, all this is about the conventional barometer that many people hang up on their walls for decoration, but not so many pay any real attention to what has been described on its scale.

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Let's look more closely at the humble barometer depicted below and which has been around for more than three hundred years. On the scale we can see the arrow that indicates the atmospheric pressure in that particular location. Further, we can see some numbers and some words written on the scale. The numbers indicate different degrees of atmospheric pressure, and the words are describing the likely weather characteristics associated with that particular value of atmospheric pressure.

Now, let's make clear what the term "atmospheric pressure" means and, consequently, what the barometer actually measures.

The term "barometer" originates from the Greek word "baros" meaning "weight". The barometer measures the weight of air in a particular point of geographic space. The height of the atmosphere in that particular place is constant.  Consequently, we might expect the weight to be constant too. However, we can see on the scale that there are many different values of air pressure and that the arrow is a moving part of the barometer. This means that the weight of the air is a variable quantity. How so?  Obviously, the density of air being weighed is the variable quantity. The barometer actually measures changes in air density.

 

barometer

Further, to the right of the arrow we can see numbers indicating a high pressure zone, and to the left of the arrow we can see numbers indicating a low pressure zone. In addition we can see on the scale that the high pressure zone is associated with dry weather, and the low pressure zone is associated with wet weather.

What else do we know about weather? Although it is not explicitly shown on the barometer, low pressure is associated with lower temperature, and high pressure with higher temperature. We understand that bad weather is associated with a lower reading, and that good weather is associated with a higher one. Yes, its true, some people understand good and bad weather in the opposite way but thats a matter of personal taste.

Can we see anything else on the barometer?  We can see the word "stormy" that has been placed in the low pressure zone of the scale. This is because air always moves from higher air pressure to lower air pressure based on the law of communicating vessels. Wind always blows from the good weather zone to the bad weather zone and never in the opposite direction.

So far we have established that the difference in air pressure and in humidity between two geographic areas has created energy in the form of wind - represented by the right part of the barometric scale moving to the left part of the barometric scale. Why not use this energy?  Of course we can use it. Consider the resurgent popularity of windmills.  Yet there are problems associated with the use of wind energy. Wind blows inconsistently. Sometimes it is gale force and then it languishes. It is an intermittent energy source and thus of low efficiency. What if it were possible to utilize these changes in the barometric scale and thus create a consistent wind?  Would we therefore have a consistent source of energy?

To do this first of all we have to determine cause-and-effect. So, what do we have so far?  We have the difference in air pressure between two points. We have the difference in humidity between two points. We have the difference in temperature between two points. We thus have wind between two points. What then is primary, and what is secondary?

Can it be that wind is the initial cause of those phenomena?  No, because wind is the result of the difference in air pressure. Can it be that the difference in temperature is the initial cause of the phenomena? No, because the difference in temperature is a function of the humidity. Can be the difference in air density as the initial cause of those phenomena?  No, because the difference in density is the function of humidity. Then what remains?  The factor of humidity. Yes, humidity is the initial cause of those phenomena.  If so, it is a relatively simple task to simulate these natural atmospheric processes "in the lab", since it is enough just to place a bowl with water in it to the left of the arrow on the barometer scale and then an artificial wind has been created.

Not so fast. Yes, wind will be created in this way but it won't be the continuous wind that we need. This is because of the natural phenomenon of heat and mass exchange.  For example, if you put a hot water bottle on your upset stomach, it will feel warm until the bottle cools, i.e. until the temperature of the bottle comes in balance with the temperature of your stomach.  In the same way, warm air is moving relative to the cold air. Both air flows are mixing with each other and exchanging temperature and density. After both air flows come in balance the wind will calm down.

The only way to avoid this situation is to separate the flows from each other. That is exactly what professor Maisotsenko has done with the M-Cycle. He has placed water on the left of the barometric scale and in addition he has placed a separator between the dry air flow and the wet air flow. How does this work "in the lab"?  Picture a vertical tube with a column of air inside. The air column has been divided into two columns, wherein the first column of air is dry and the second is made wet. Thus a model simulating natural atmospheric processes has been created. And what is most important, in this model the wind that is created is continuous due to presence of the divider. It has been accomplished!

Yes, maybe so, but we still have a serious problem. The height of the column of air in the natural environment is equal to the height of the atmosphere, and therefore, the wind that is created is substantial and capable of being used for producing energy. In our experimental model, the height of the air column is maybe just a meter or so. The quantity of air is not enough to be capable of producing any significant amount of energy. This means we have to make the tube bigger. It is not that our experimental model is constructed incorrectly.  How can we check it if the process inside the model is invisible?  That part is easy. It is sufficient to artificially change one of the factors (i.e. wind, or difference in temperature, or difference in density) and the other factors will be automatically changed. If the other factors are changing in the expected way the model has been constructed correctly. Again, that is exactly what Dr. Maisotsenko has done. He took his wife's hair dryer and blew it inside the dry channel of the model. He blew in hot air and received cold air on the output side. The inventor did not believe this could be happening and made a second attempt with a thermometer. The effect was the same.  Thus, the experimental model was created correctly.  Could these results be extrapolated to a larger size?  Would it be possible to produce energy just from atmospheric air? 

There may still be another problem. It is well known that a small experimental model may not necessarily extrapolate to the same results in a large industrial device. The best example is the ornitopter.  An ornitopter is a device which flies through air by flapping its wings.  Small models of actual flying ornitopters have been produced since the beginning of the 1970s, however an ornitopter that is capable of being piloted by a human has not yet been made. Why is this?  We still do not know exactly why. We can, however, see this demonstrated in nature. The smaller the bird, the more frequently its wings flap. As the bird gets larger, the more often it glides and it flaps its wings less often. And finally one of the largest birds in the world, the Wandering Albatross, flies by gliding and only rarely flaps its wings.

Precisely because of this reason the scientist decided to design an industrial size of the experimental model in the application of an air conditioner.  This project has now been fully implemented by Coolerado Corporation (a Colorado, USA based company).  It has been a spectacular success. Currently the amazing Coolerado air conditioner, utilizing the M-Cycle, is in use all over the world. Yes, the model has been implemented correctly and it is fully capable of being manufactured in industrial sizes. Therefore it is time to build the device for producing power. 

It was found that even existing Coolerado air conditioners already produces power. How is this demonstrated?  There is a small fan working from the small solar panel and blowing into the dry channel of the model (heat and mass exchanger). The difference in flow force between the fans flow and output flow is the energy generated by the unit in the form of additional output flow. Thus, the output is a cold air flow that is considerably stronger than the initial input flow generated by the small fan.

So, we have the output higher than the input. This is why many professionals consider the device to be a fake because it appears that we have a violation of the law of conservation of energy. Please note the following quotation:

 When I saw your system for the first time, I thought you tried to break the second law of thermodynamics. I am amazed. Your invention should be widely used in various energetic and power systems to increase their efficiency.

Dr. Myron Tribus, prominent expert in thermodynamics and science adviser to Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Ronald Reagan.

Indeed, it looks like perpetual motion machine. But it is not. If the output flow was created by the input flow the device could be considered as a perpetual motion machine. But the point is that the input flow does not create the output flow. The input flow generated by the solar fan launches the thermodynamic process inside the system that extracts the additional potential energy from the air and converts it to the additional kinetic energy, which in its turn creates the increased output flow.

Specifically, in accordance with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of the US Department of Energy official report, the electrical energy taken by the small fan is just 10% of the energy used by conventional compression air conditioners for producing the same quantity of cold. What the rest of 90% of necessary energy comes from? Directly from the air inner energy converted to the kinetic energy trough the Maisotsenko Cycle!

Here is how it works.

On the left side (referring to the barometer) we have the wet air column, wherein the humidity is high, thus decreasing the density of the air. On the right side we have the dry air column, wherein humidity is low and consequently, the air density is higher. Both columns are isolated from each other by the separator that prevents the direct mass exchange between flows, and allows the indirect heat exchange through the divider. The separating surface on the wet side is moistened.  Does the water evaporate from this surface? Yes, it does. When the water evaporates from the surface it consequently cools this surface. If the surface cools it takes the heat from the dry air column. As a result the dry air column is cooling.  In what direction does the cold air in the vertical structure move?  It goes down, and that gives us the net increase in air flow.

What happens with the wet air column?  The divider takes the heat from the dry air column. In what direction does this heat move?  It moves to the wet air column and, consequently, warms the wet air. And in what direction does the warm air go in the vertical structure?  It goes up. If so, the air moving up in the wet channel creates discharging in this channel, which supplies the flow in the system with even more moving force.  

In addition, since the water evaporates from the separating surface, it saturates the air in the wet channel that causes a decrease in density. As a result the wet air column loses weight and supplies the flow in the system with again, even more moving force. One phenomenon causes another phenomenon wherein they reinforce each other. What defines the limit?  The limit is the dew-point of outside air. As soon as the temperature of the air at the bottom of the system reaches the dew-point temperature, the reciprocal reinforcement of phenomena stops and the flow force of the air in the system become constant.

As we can see, the law of conservation of energy remains untouchable. The device that the scientist has created is not determined to be a fake.  We do not have to rush to burn him at the stake. No heresy, just science.

Devices created by Coolerado, Inc. and Idalex Inc. through the M-Cycle are capable of producing energy even before an Exergy Tower of industrial size is built. An Exergy Tower is a large column constructed for simultaneously producing power, distilled water and cold air. The Coolerado air conditioner, as it exists now can generate power sufficient for a small electronic device or something similar. If there is a need to produce power for a single family home, for example, the fireplace chimney could be retrofitted. When there is a need to produce power sufficient for a small town or large neighborhood, ventilation channels in existing buildings could be used.

Now as to the question proposed in the title of this article: who is the air seller and who are the idiots?

Probably all of us have seen a barometer, even many times, but how many of us have discovered a way to extract energy from this barometer?  Only one person has. So, the answer to the main question is obvious

 

Dr. Ilya Treyger, MD, PHD, can be reached at treyg19@ix.netcom.com 

Dr. Valeriy Maisotsenko can be reached at vm@idalex.com

 


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